When one is suffering from coronary heart disease, which can cause blood clot leading to lack of blood flow, heart bypass surgery is often an effective way of treatment. The symptoms of this disease are chest pain, irregular heartbeats and breathing shortness. It can also lead to a heart attack. The plaque buildup in the arteries of your heart blocking the flow of blood and oxygen gets cleared in a heart bypass surgery.
A cardiologist in Kolkata uses grafting procedures to make blood and oxygen flow better in a heart bypass surgery, which is also called Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABS). There is a similarity of the name with the process. The doctor creates a bypass for blood flow in this surgical procedure when there is a blockage leading to congestion.
Before the treatment
There must be proper preparation from your side as a heart bypass is a major surgery requiring a considerable amount of recovery time. You may have to go through a few tests 2 to 3 weeks before the surgery as advised by your heart specialist in Kolkata. Blood count tests, chest X-ray, cardiac catheterization, thromboplastin blood tests and various other blood tests are some of the tests. Before the surgery, you may also have to stop certain medicines on the advice of your doctors. There may be the need for making other adjustments from your part if you are diabetic, according to the suggestion of your heart doctor.
The surgeon removes a blood vessel from another part of your body. It may be your leg or arm. One end of the vessel is attached by the surgeon to the aorta and the other end is attached to an artery below the blockage. Then the blood can easily flow through this clear passage. The total time a surgeon needs for a heart bypass surgery can be 3 to 6 hours during which you will be asleep by the effect of anaesthesia.
A tube will be there in your mouth for a few hours after the surgery to help you breathe. The doctor will not allow you to verbally communicate. Before you are shifted to your hospital room, you will stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) for a few days. You may have to stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 more days after you are shifted from the ICU. You will take more than 2 months to heal and within this period, you may feel uncomfortable. You need not worry because your health will gradually improve.