Stroke is a common cardiovascular complication that affects most Indians, with roughly 105-150 cases occurring per 100,000 people in India. This condition is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular deaths and probably the most common cause of long-term disability in people over 60.
According to the best cardiologist in Kolkata, this condition typically affects those who have specific lifestyle and genetic risk factors. Strokes are usually not restricted in any particular age group or population-based cohort. This can happen to any person, with around 75% of the cases affecting those who have not had any previous history of stroke.
This is the reason why you need to be able to recognize the early warning signs. This will help you understand better whether or not you are in danger of having a stroke in the future.
Basic Overview of Stroke
A medical condition that occurs when blood circulation to the brain is interrupted, causing death of brain cells due to deprivation of oxygen, is termed as ‘stroke’. This medical condition is categorized into hemorrhagic (occurs due to leaking or breaking blood vessels) and ischemic (occurs due to blockages in the blood vessels). Our team of experienced heart specialists says that even though some strokes are non-fatal, they can have a big impact on our body, including difficulty speaking, reduced mobility, and physical pain.
The Risk Factors
There are several factors that may increase the chances of having a stroke.
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Abuse of illegal drugs, alcohol, or tobacco
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Heart conditions such as atrial fibrillation
Demographics and ethnicity are also crucial factors for evaluating risks. Strokes commonly affect:
- More men than women
- Black people
Symptoms of Stroke
Are you more prone to having a stroke? Make sure to remember the acronym ‘FAST’:
Face: Drooping face, most discernible when you are attempting to smile
Arms: Reduced mobility of the arms, which can be identifiable when you try to lift your arms over the head
Speech: If your speech is slurred or sounding nonsensical
Time: A stroke is an emergency. If you are experiencing onset of any of the symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help to lessen the risks of disability or death
Stroke Prevention at Medithics
Some common treatments for preventing stroke are simple lifestyle changes, such as reducing alcohol intake, quitting smoking, getting regular exercise, and improving diet.
It is important that you consult a top cardiologist in Kolkata and go for regular checkups to determine whether you are at risk, especially if you are above 55. Medithics Super-specialty Clinic provides stroke screenings, which allow you to evaluate your risks and then take necessary actions to care for your health.