There is no doubt that the number of obese people in Kolkata has been rising for decades. Research has shown that obesity makes life uncomfortable, contributes to low self-esteem, and diminish psychological well-being. It also comes with more serious health issues, including heart disease. A study published in the Lancet showed that about 28% of the deaths in India in 2016 were caused by heart disease and stroke, says a renowned cardiologist of Medithics Clinic based in South Kolkata.
How does Obesity cause Heart Disease
There are three ways by which obesity can contribute to heart diseases. Here, we will discuss how you can take control of your health and fight against not only obesity, but also heart disease. Obesity affects your body in the following ways:
- Changes in cholesterol levels: We know that obesity can cause an abnormal increase in bad cholesterol or triglyceride levels. Moreover, it can also reduce good high-density lipoproteins. HDL cholesterol is helpful in removing bad cholesterol, which reduces the risks of heart disease.
- Causes blood pressure to increase: Individuals who are overweight need more blood to carry oxygen and nutrients to different parts of their bodies, causing an increase in blood pressure. Their body also needs more pressure to move oxygenated blood. Increased blood pressure is a common cause of heart attack and is sadly more common for those who are obese.
- Leads to diabetes: High blood pressure, cholesterol, and heart attacks are not the only health conditions you should worry about if you are obese. Individuals who are overweight also have an increased risk of developing diabetes. According to the best heart doctor in Kolkata, about 68% of individuals aged 65 or above with diabetes also suffer from heart disease.
Best Way of Losing Weight and Reducing Risks of Heart Disease
Luckily, there are ways by which you can lose weight and reduce the risks of developing cardiovascular disease.
The first thing any obese person should do to get healthy is to eat a nutritious, balanced diet and exercise regularly. Consult your cardiologist about developing a diet and exercise plan, which works best for you, depending on your health status.
If you have a high BMI (over 35), bariatric surgery may be the right treatment option for you. It has been proven to improve high blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes in individuals who are overweight.
If you are considering bariatric surgery, you should consult the best cardiologist doctor in Kolkata for “cardiac clearance.” High blood pressure, cholesterol, and other heart-related conditions that are left untreated can put an individual at high risk for developing complications both during and after the surgery. The cardiologist will be able to monitor your cholesterol level, blood pressure, and any heart-related conditions that could cause trouble before you head into the operation theatre.