People with type 2 diabetes mellitus are more at risk of developing kidney disease, a serious illness. Diabetes is, in fact, one of the major causes of developing kidney disease. Approximately, more than 30 million adults are believed to have kidney disease. However, only about 10% are diagnosed. It means millions of Indians are walking around with kidney disease, and they are not even aware of it, says a renowned nephrologist in Kolkata.
Should you be concerned about kidney disease?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the leading causes of kidney failure. If the kidneys fail, you will need to undergo dialysis or a transplant to survive. Individuals with kidney disease, as well as T2D, are three times more prone to strokes or heart attacks than those who have T2D alone. According to the best nephrologists at Medithics in Kolkata, kidney disease has harmful effects and is considered a dangerous comorbidity to type 2 diabetes.
The earlier your kidney disease is detected, the better chance you have for recovery. Early diagnosis, along with intervention is crucial for slowing down the progression of renal disease. If you are living with T2D, you need to find out whether you have renal disease before it causes more damage to your vital organs.
What is type 2 diabetes (T2D)?
It is a disease, wherein your body cannot control sugar levels. It occurs if the body is unable to use insulin properly. The insulin hormone controls the amount of sugar in your blood. A spike in blood sugar levels can cause various problems in the body, including significant damage to your kidneys.
Although diabetes cannot be completely cured, it can be kept under control with exercise, diet, and medicines. Needless to say that many individuals live an active, long life with diabetes.
What should you do?
Talk to the best nephrologist doctor in Kolkata about kidney disease, and ask him how often you should be tested.
Also make sure to:
- Monitor your blood glucose levels at home;
- Maintain an awareness of managing your blood pressure, and possibly monitor it at home
- Follow your customized diet.
What to look for?
One of the earliest signs of diabetes-induced kidney disease is an increased excretion of the protein albumin in the urine. This occurs long before the usual tests (done in your Kolkata-based nephrologists’ office) indicate that you have kidney disease. The other signs are:
- Ankle swelling, weight gain, leg cramps
- Frequent urination at night
- Nausea, vomiting, and morning sickness
- High blood pressure
- Paleness, weakness, and anemia
- High serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen in blood
What will happen if the kidneys have been damaged?
Initially, the best nephrologist in Kolkata finds out if your kidney damage is induced by diabetes. If you have been affected by damaged kidneys, your nephrologist would advice you to:
- Manage high blood pressure
- Control diabetes
- Get treatment for UTI
- Avoid any OTC medicines that may cause damage to the kidneys