What is ureteroscopy?
Ureteroscopy is an outpatient procedure used to treat stones in the ureters. It can also be used to assess and treat other causes of kidney blockage or blood in the urine, says the doctor of laser URS surgery in Kolkata.
Ureteroscopy is performed using an ureteroscope, which is a long, thin tube with an eyepiece on one end and a tiny lens and a light on the other. In general, there are two approaches to ureteroscopy for stone removal:
- If the stone is small, the doctor will insert a scope into the ureter to extract it. The scope used in this procedure will have a small basket at the end of a wire that is threaded through an additional channel in the ureteroscope. The stone is collected in the basket.
- In larger stones, the doctor will extend a flexible fibre through the scope up to the stone. The doctor will break the stone into pieces small enough to be passed out of the body with urine using a laser beam shining through the scope.
The doctor will determine the best ureteroscopy treatment option for the patient based on the stone’s location, size and composition, says the TURP doctor in Kolkata.
Is ureteroscopy a good option for me?
If one has a ureteral stone near the bladder, particularly in the lower half of the ureter, ureteroscopy is the most effective treatment. Pregnant women, obese patients and those with a blood clotting disorder can also benefit from ureteroscopy.
What should I do to prepare for an ureteroscopy?
One should talk with their doctor if there are any special instructions for preparing for an ureteroscopy. Patients are usually advised not to eat anything before the procedure.
Before the procedure, one may be asked to provide a urine sample to check for infection. If this is the case, one may be told not to urinate for an hour before the procedure.
What happens during an ureteroscopy?
The surgery is performed while one is asleep. The doctor will insert an ureteroscope into the bladder and ureter to look for urinary tract problems, says the doctor of ureter stone laser treatment in Kolkata.
What should I expect following an ureteroscopy?
Because one will be sedated during the procedure, they should arrange for a ride home.
The doctor can prescribe antibiotics for the first two days following the procedure to prevent infection. Infection symptoms include fever, chills and worsening pain. One should inform their doctor if they notice any of these symptoms.
Most ureteroscopy patients experience mild to moderate pain that can be controlled with medication. To relieve mild pain, one should:
- Drink sufficient water for the next two days
- Take a warm bath with the doctor’s permission
- Apply a warm, damp washcloth over the urethral opening
Other side effects include kidney and bladder cramps and burning sensation while urinating. Urine can appear pink or red and these symptoms can last until the stent is removed, says the doctor of urine infection treatment in Kolkata.