Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders refer to ailments involving the gastrointestinal tract that comprises of mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines and other assisting digestive organs. According to the gastro specialist in Kolkata, several diseases can disturb the GI tract and have an unpleasant impact on our digestion which can later affect our overall health. These disorders can be avoided by maintaining a healthy way of life and observing good bowel routine. Common GI disorders include:
It is a condition in which bowel movement is difficult. It is caused by insufficient roughage and fiber in diet, dehydration, specific medicines and disturbances in the normal diet. Constipation makes it hard to have frequent bowel motions which result in bloating, hard stools and anal problems. Consumption of laxatives can temporarily cure constipation. The best way to prevent constipation is regular exercise and intake of high fiber food like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
IBS is a common disorder that affects the GI tract. It is caused by infection, inflammation, muscle contractions and weak nervous system. The symptoms comprise of swelling, acute abdominal pain, diarrhea, and severe cramps. Gastroenterologist in Kolkata recommends consulting a specialist when you spot the following signs:
- Recurrent vomiting
- Rectal bleeding
- Acute pain
- Sharp weight loss
- Constant diarrhea
According to specialists in the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), 6-8 million Indians suffer from Celiac disease. It is an auto-immune illness and hereditary in nature. When this disease develops at an early age, it can result in a poor growth rate in children. The best way to deal with this disease is to stay away from gluten. Ingestion of gluten damages the small intestine. Therefore, avoid consumption of food that contains wheat, malt, and barley.
Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)
Peptic ulcers are a common health problem that develops in the stomach, esophagus and small intestine due to inflammation caused by certain bacteria and erosion from stomach acids. Common indicators of PUD are weight loss, unexplained vomiting, indigestion, and nausea. Get PUD treated from the best gastroenterologists in Kolkata.
Reflux disease is synonymous with heartburn and acid reflux. The most common warning signs for reflux are a burning feeling in the chest and abdomen area and backflow of food in the esophagus. Medicines that reduce acid levels and H2 blockers are the best treatment available.
Diverticulosis is the occurrence of diverticula (small outpouchings) in the wall linings of the large intestine. It can swell when food gets stuck between them causing infection, inflammation, nausea, pain, constipation, and diarrhea. It can be treated with mild painkillers and a high fiber diet.