Do you know why the ovaries are considered an essential organ?
The ovaries, one of the most important organs in the reproductive system of women, produce eggs that the sperm fertilizes in order for the women to conceive. Ovaries also produce the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone.
When the ovaries function correctly, you probably do not pay attention to them. However, when problems with the ovaries occur, they capture your attention and generally require you to pay a visit to the best gynaecology doctor in Kolkata.
Ovarian cysts or fluid-filled sacs are one such health issue that form on the ovaries. While women can get ovarian cysts at any point of time, there is usually nothing to be worried about. At times, however, ovarian cysts can signal more serious underlying health problems. Here is what you should know if you have been diagnosed with cysts on the ovary.
Do not Panic
Most ovarian cysts are not distressing, and they usually do not cause any discernible symptoms. A female gynaecologist in Kolkata might even identify one you did not know about while performing a pelvic exam.
It is still, however, possible to have some symptoms, including irregular periods, pelvic pains, or spotting, but these are not quite common. If you have any of the signs, it is time for you to check in with the gynaecologist to be sure whether your cyst is not something serious. While most of the cysts are harmless, there are some that can be cancerous, usually in postmenopausal women.
What are the Different Types of Ovarian Cysts?
Most of the ovarian cysts are usually not cancerous. Here are a few types of benign cysts:
- Dermoids— These develop from the cancerous cells present at birth
- Endometriomas— Occur due to endometriosis, a condition that causes the tissue lining your uterus grow outside the uterus
- Cystadenomas— These are found on the surface of the ovary and contain a watery fluid
If you have been diagnosed with any of these cyst types, make a consultation with the best gynaecology specialist at Medithics in Kolkata.
Occasionally, the cysts can break open or rupture, causing severe pain and hevay bleeding.
If you have one or more of the following symptoms, book an appointement with the doctor right away:
- Pain with vomiting and fever
- Severe abdominal pain occurring suddenly
- Rapid breathing
- Fattiness, weakness, or dizziness
No Womb Worries
If you are trying to conceive, the good news is that most ovarian cysts do not affect your fertility. There are, however, a few exceptions. If you have a group of pearl-sized cysts, your doctor might diagnose you with PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)—a leading cause of female infertility. Cysts occurring due to endometriosis can also affect fertility. Consult your physician for any doubts or queries.
Since most cysts are benign and do not cause any significant symptoms, you probably will not require any treatment.
For cysts that occur frequently, your gynaecologist may prescribe birth control pills which may lessen the risks of developing new cysts. For very specific cases, physicians may opt for the surgery to remove the cysts. These instances including having cysts that:
- Cause symptoms and won’t go away
- Are larger than ten centimeters
- Occur when you are near or past menopause